Introduction

Introduction

Many wild plants and animals are coming under increasing pressure for survival. Worldwide, Zoos and Botanical Gardens are working co-operatively to help conserve the enormous diversity of species on our planet.


The best way to save animals is in their own environment, however, in many cases this is not possible, and it makes sense to establish a reserve population far away from the dangers of the wild.

The Modern Zoo

Today’s best and most progressive Zoo’s usually consider their main roles to be those of conservation, education, scientific study and recreation.

Teachers and educationalists have for many years appreciated the potential of the modern Zoo as a means of conveying the wonder and variety of the natural world to younger generations.

The important work that Zoo’s undertake is based on various scientific disciplines such as nutrition, behaviour, genetics, reproductive biology, ecology and veterinary science.

Advances in animal husbandry and research enable Zoos to work with conservation colleagues in the field aiding the success of many conservation projects. Support for these projects can be in the form of scientific research, financial backing or the provision of expert personnel.

The devastating effect of man’s activities on natural habitats and wild animals has threatened the survival of many species. Zoos now play an important part in the maintenance of the earth’s biological diversity through breeding programmes along with raising awareness and funding for field programmes in the wild.

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