Humboldt Penguin | Welsh Mountain Zoo

Humboldt Penguin

Spheniscus humboldti


  • Least Concern
  • Near Threatened
  • Vulnerable
  • Endangered
  • Critically Endangered
  • Extinct in the Wild
  • Extinct

Originating from South America, the Humboldt Penguin is thinner than other Penguins and have a black head with white border running around the face. The Humboldt Penguin faces many challenges in the wild, predominantly from entanglement in nets, loss of habitat and over-fishing.

Native Range →

From the Pacific coast of Peru to Chile

Natural Habitat  →

Coast and coastal waters

Diet  →

Fish, krill and squid

Life Expectancy  →

Unknown in the wild. Up to 30 years in zoos

Breeding  →

2 eggs from a 40 day incubation

Group Name  →

Colony, huddle, creche or waddle

Active Hours  →

During the day

Threats  →

Fishery activities, Human disturbance

Fun fact

Each Humboldt Penguin has a very distinctive call and they can recognise each other among a whole bunch of noisy penguins.

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